Kazakhstan has a well-articulated culture based on the nomadic pastoral economy of the inhabitants.
Islam was introduced to Kazakhstan in the 7th to 12th centuries.
In 1774, the insurgent army led by Yemelyan Pugachev occupied Penza after the citizens of the city welcomed the rebellious Cossacks.
The first stone houses started to appear after 1801, and by 1809 Penza's population had grown to more than 13,000 people.
There is no consensus among scholars as to the urheimat of the Slavs.
In the first millennium AD, Slavic settlers are likely to have been in contact with other ethnic groups who moved across the East European Plain during the Migration Period.
Besides lamb, many other traditional foods retain symbolic value in Kazakh culture.
During this period the Little jüz participated in the 1723–1730 war against the Dzungars, following their "Great Disaster" invasion of Kazakh territories.The earliest major manuscript with information on Rus' history, the Primary Chronicle, dates from the late 11th and early 12th centuries.It lists twelve Slavic tribal unions which, by the 10th century, had settled in the later territory of the Kievan Rus between the Western Bug, the Dniepr and the Black Sea: the Polans, Drevlyans, Dregovichs, Radimichs, Vyatichs, Krivichs, Slovens, Dulebes (later known as Volhynians and Buzhans), White Croats, Severians, Ulichs, and Tivertsi.The traditional Kazakh dwelling is the yurt, a tent consisting of a flexible framework of willow wood covered with varying thicknesses of felt.The open top permits smoke from the central hearth to escape; temperature and draft can be controlled by a flap that increases or decreases the size of the opening.Then in May 1663, the architect Yuri Kontransky arrived in Penza on the Tsar's orders to direct the construction of a fortress city, as part of a wider fortress building program to protect Russia from attacks by Crimean Tatars.