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The main sediment supply into the Vienna Basin originates from the Danube, and subordinately from tributaries to the south such as Piesting, Fischa, Leitha and from the north by the river March.

Today the Danube forms a large floodplain that is bordered to the north by one large Pleistocene terrace, the Gänserndorf Terrace that is situated 17 m above todays water level.

Cartoon illustrating cosmogenic nuclide exposure ages. A glacier transports an erratic boulder, and then recedes, exposing it to cosmic rays.

Spallation reactions occur in minerals in the rocks upon bombardment by cosmic rays.

To address this question, a scientific drilling was conducted and a 30 m long drill core was recovered for detailed geochronological investigations applying a combination of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide (TCN) burial age dating (BAD).

Samples for OSL dating were investigated using a post-infrared, infrared stimulated SAR (single aliquot regeneration) protocol at an elevated stimulation temperature of 225 °C (p IRIR225), and 26 Al and 10 Be were investigated for BAD in order to establish a robust chronology for the sediment succession.

ESP171016801009, Price: 29.00 € The Vienna Basin area was proven to have been tectonically active throughout the Quaternary until today.

However, two difficulties are typically encountered: 1) old deposits or strongly affected by cosmogenic nuclide inheritance often appear to be saturated, and 2) a full propagation of uncertainties often yields poorly constrained ages.

As the world slid into and out of the last ice age, the general cooling and warming trends were punctuated by abrupt changes.

Climate shifts up to half as large as the entire difference between ice age and modern conditions occurred over hemispheric or broader regions in mere years to decades.

| Using cosmogenic nuclides in glacial geology | Sampling strategies cosmogenic nuclide dating | Difficulties in cosmogenic nuclide dating | Calculating an exposure age | Further Reading | References | Comments | Cosmogenic nuclide dating can be used to determine rates of ice-sheet thinning and recession, the ages of moraines, and the age of glacially eroded bedrock surfaces.

Cosmogenic nuclide dating uses the interactions between cosmic rays and nuclides in glacially transported boulders or glacially eroded bedrock to provide age estimates for rock at the Earth’s surface.

Such abrupt changes have been absent during the few key millennia when agriculture and industry have arisen.

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